Exodus and the Gospels
Scripture from the book of Exodus is mentioned by Jesus in the Gospels with reference to the burning bush and in the explanation of the resurrection (Exodus 3:6; Matthew 22:29-32; Mark 12:26; and Luke 20:37). When telling the rich young ruler how to enter the kingdom of God, Christ recalls the Ten Commandments quoting Exodus 20:12-16 in Matthew 19:18-19; Mark 10:19; and Luke 18:20. Jesus was clarifying that in keeping the Law perfectly one could enter the kingdom of heaven, but as we understood scripture, it is impossible to do that.
Some of the clearest engagements of the book of Exodus are found in (John 1:1–18) and the feeding of the 5,000 (John 6). Jesus interprets that the feeding of the 5,000 is likened to the manna which Moses gave their ancestors in the wilderness (John 6:31). Manna is described to be “bread from heaven” and in the Gospel of John, Jesus himself says, “I am the bread of life...” (John 6:35) the bread coming down from heaven.
How is the story of the exodus linked to the Gospels? In the Synoptic Gospels as well as in the book of John, the Exodus narrative takes on a significant role. This role does not take away from the importance of the Exodus but is used to magnify Jesus’ as the greater Moses. The Gospels make one point extremely clear that following Jesus leads to an extraordinary salvation and it is more than what the Israelites experienced in fleeing Egyptian rule. We are unable to defeat the enemy, Satan, or conquer sin altogether. Only God can do this for us.
The Exodus Passover lamb is a foreshadowing of Christ. The prophet John the Baptist called Jesus, “the Lamb of God” (John 1:29) and (Exodus 12:5) distinctly calls for a lamb without blemish. Through His sinless life and sacrificial death, Jesus is the only One capable of giving hope of eternal life.
Lord, thank You for Your sacrifice.